The Zibi Development and Indigenous Consent: Contestation and Protest

By Joey Clavette

This was originally published in The Leveller

On June 17 a group of over 300 protesters marched from Victoria Island to Parliament Hill. The protest was organized by Algonquin Elders under the slogan “It Is Sacred,” referring to the Albert and Chaudière Islands, which have been sold to Windmill and Dream Unlimited Corp. in order to build the Zibi development project consisting of condominiums and commercial spaces.

Picket signs read: “Trudeau aidez nous (Trudeau help us),” “Nothing is Greener than Trees,” “Solidarity with Algonquins,” and “Amazon tribes support Grandfather William Commanda’s Spiritual Centre. Declare the centre sacred now.”

The project has been shrouded in controversy since the city rezoned the land and sold it to Windmill on Oct. 8, 2014. The controversy focuses on the claim that the Chaudière Islands are sacred Algonquin territory that have been sold to a private company without the consent of the Algonquin people.

Many of the protesters were in support of Grandfather William Commanda’s vision for the Chaudière site as an alternative to the Windmill developments. Commanda was an elder from Kitigan Zibi who passed away in 2011 yet remains an important figure. His vision was for a peace and healing centre to be built on Victoria Island and for Albert and Chaudière to be reverted to park land.

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Africa and the Single Story

By Joey Clavette

Earlier this semester we screened “Concerning Violence“. I wrote a little something about it here. But before the film I had also given a presentation on Africa which attempted to dispel a lot of myths about it. While this film which is set in Africa is about violence, it is imperative to know that Africa is much more than a land of violence. In an African history course I took I was made to sit down and actually write about this subject so I thought I’d share it here:

Kigali, Rwanda today

The word Africa comes from the Latin word Afri. Originally the name was meant to describe one tribe which the Romans had known from Libya. The term then came to be used to describe the entire expansive and diverse continent. This is an illustrative example from ancient Western culture to show how simplistic the Western view of Africa has been for a very long time.

In his work The Invention of Africa, philosopher V.Y. Mudimbe points out that African unity was not a concept on the continent before European contact. Blackness and Africanness are descriptions of an “Other”; as something different in such a way from Europeanness. Africans are described altogether by their relative difference to Europeans rather than their own characteristics. This results in a vast homogenization of Africans in the Western psyche, and we can clearly see that present today in what Chimamanda Adichie calls the ‘Single Story of Africa’.

One might hear a friend say “I’d like to go to Africa”, and when asked “where in Africa?” they might respond with dismay… “just Africa”. Africa to many people is thought of as a vast, wild (yet relative homogenous) landscape full of violent conflicts, diseases, poverty, safari animals and “black” people. This is how Africa is portrayed in popular media. This is the single story. The fact that there is more genetic diversity among the natives of Africa than there is among white Europeans is not important, they are simply “black”. The vast size of the African continent, the metropolitan areas, the ecological diversity, the more than 1500 unique languages, the stability, the health and the economic development are all glossed over and replaced with a single story.

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…Until One Has Been Inside Its Jails: My experiences at the Millhaven Institution

By Joey Clavette

This post is based on an article I had published in the Ottawa Leveller


An armed guard tower is situated by the main entrance to Millhaven. The entrance is used for visitors and staff alike and features airport type xray machines and metal detectors. Visitors are asked to leave all personal belongings in a locker before entering the grounds. Millhaven Institution is a federal maximum security facility that opened in 1971 and it was originally intended to replace Kingston Penitentiary. In 1990, it was assigned a secondary role as a reception center for all maximum security prisoners sentenced to two years or more in the Ontario region. All new inmates will go through Millhaven to be assessed for a period of 6-7 months before being transferred to other facilities. There are 130-150 inmates that are permanently housed there and about 330 "temporary" inmates. CHRIS SO / THE TORONTO STAR


Over the past summer I made friends with my social movements professor. She’s an avid prison abolitionist meaning that she believes prisons ought to be abolished altogether. This past February I wrote an article in The Leveller titled Punishment at What Cost? in which I alluded to this idea that prisons actually do more harm than good.

In the context of an interview about the spiking rates of imprisonment in Canada coupled with a declining crime rate, I asked a local NGO worker and PhD student, Laura McKendy, whether punitive justice is worthwhile and she replied that, “harsh conditions of confinement, along with virtually no programming, literally increases recidivism…If you just want to hurt people then you can embrace punishment but if you actually want a safe society, it only makes things worse.”

Prison is punishment. In a sense, imprisonment is an act of violence. If I were to abduct someone and lock them in my house, that would be kidnapping. Now, obviously prison has a different end. It finds justification through an assumed capacity to suppress possible societal dangers. However, this does not detract from the fact that forcibly confining someone is an act of violence, an act of ‘socially acceptable’ and federally enforced revenge. We ought to look for viable alternatives which better foster societal safety.

With that said let me talk about the trip I took to Millhaven Penitentiary on February 10th to visit a group of lifers. In Canada a life sentence is 10 -25 years. I took this trip with my professor and three other individuals as part of OPIRG’s Millhaven Lifer’s Liaison Group.

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Concerning Violence

By Joey Clavette

The following is the entirety of a film review I wrote for this film in my Post-Colonial African History course at uOttawa.

“Concerning Violence” is a 2014 documentary film by Swedish director, Göran Olsson about colonialism in Africa. The film’s narration consists of quotes from psychologist Frantz Fanon’s magnum opus, Les Damnés de la Terre (1961) read by Lauryn Hill, interspersed with Swedish found-footage and interviews. Les Damnés de la Terre was Fanon’s exposition of colonized peoples’ psyche. He was inspired to write it by his work as a war-time psychologist in French Algeria during the Algerian war. Fanon was, himself, a colonized person, coming from the French colony of Martinique in the Caribbean.

The film consists of nine chapters and a preface by Dr. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. The nine chapters explore decolonization in several parts of Africa including Guinea Bissau, Mozambique, the former Rhodesia, Liberia and others. The preface is an analysis by a professor from Columbia University regarding false interpretations of Fanon’s work, and highlighting women’s roles in decolonization movements (which is focused on in chapter 7 of the film). Though the film may seem to some, as the book has seemed to many (including Jean Paul Sartre who wrote the preface for Damnés after Fanon’s death) an encouragement for revolutionary violence, it is, in fact, a dispassionate exposition of revolutionary violence in the decolonization process. As Bhakti Shringarpure wrote in The Guardian, Fanon’s work as a war-time psychologist normalized him to revolutionary violence, he had no conception of inciting it; it already existed all around him.

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Manufacturing Consent

By Joey Clavette

For those who missed this Saturday’s event, we watched Manufacturing Consent: Noam  Chomsky and the Media. From its release in 1993 until 2003 when the same producers released The Corporation it was the most successful documentary in Canadian history. It can be viewed for free on YouTube here.

At 44 minutes  a list of corporations that monopolized the media was listed. I gave a brief presentation at the show, talking about this phenomenon and how pertinent it is today. In fact, the concentration of corporate media domination is much worse today, where rather than being dominated by tens of companies, there’s a meagre six companies controlling 90% of the media in the United States as shown in the picture above. Canada is not hugely different and also has an astonishingly low amount of diversity due to corporate media ownership.

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Line in the Sand Screening

Jean-Philippe Marquis’ Q&A

By Joey Clavette

Last Saturday night we hosted the independent Canadian film Line in the Sand, and its co-director Jean-Philippe Marquis. A film about pipelines, it was even more than the journalistic experience it presents itself as. The cinematography pops off the screen, along with an earthy arrangement of folk music to keep the beat of the film. At one point a sombre interview comes to an close, and rather than shifting to any music or hurrying to another interview the filmmakers decided to take their time. The screen is filled with shots of mountainous vistas, lakes and colourful wildlife in total silence, and the content of the film strikes you head on. You realize exactly what’s at stake.

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Denis Rancourt Cancer Presentation.

By: Joey Clavette

Denis Rancourt Lecturing

Last night we had a presentation by Professor Denis Rancourt. He started off the talk reminiscing over the room our event was held in. Marion 150 had been the classroom for the Science course on activism that Denis had helped start back in 2006. Malalai Joya, who was a Member of Parliament in Afghanistan at the time, had been a speaker at the only lecture of the SCI1101 course. The course was short lived and cancelled after only one lecture.

But tonight was not about Denis’ past, it was about cancer and the medical industry. Broken into three parts, context, research and treatment, he discussed all of his findings after reviewing “over one hundred” medical articles concerning cancer, communicating with hosts of researchers, and synthesizing his findings with his own scientific knowledge.

It may come as a surprise that the third leading cause of death in the United States is medical error, with estimates of 200 000 to 400 000 deaths per year. That’s about 1 in 1000 people. Denis points this out while mentioning that this number is only accounting for medical mistakes: some as insane as removing the wrong breast, kidney, or even lung. It does not account for deaths caused by accepted medical practices which result in death, for instance, psychiatric drugs which cause more harm than good, as one researcher found.

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